Countries & Nations

Explore Countries and Nations

Learn about telecommunications around the world. R-Spectrum has compiled extensive resources on companies, mobile networks, and regulatory information on almost every country in the world.

The global telecommunications industry is predominantly regulated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialised agency of the United Nations. The ITU is tasked with facilitating international communication through the development of technical standards. The ITU tracks and benchmarks the progress of countries and promotes development in underserved communities worldwide.

It's important to note that R-Spectrum compiles research on a range of sovereign and disputed territories regardless of their geopolitical status. We endeavour to remain an impartial observer and defer to international guidance where possible.

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There are two mobile networks operating in Abkhazia; Aquafon, and A-Mobile, with both companies providing GSM, UMTS, and LTE services. Due to the region's declared independence from Georgia, no Georgian mobile network operates or provide coverage within Abkhazia.
Policy Maker:
Spectrum Regulator:
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in the centre of Asia, forming part of South Asia and Central Asia. According to latest ITU data (June 2018) mobile coverage reaches 24.0% of the population, however no data are available on 4G LTE coverage.
Policy Maker: Afghan Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
Spectrum Regulator: Afghanistan Telecom Regulatory Authority
Albania, officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southern and Southeastern Europe.
Policy Maker: Albanian Ministry of Innovation and Public Administration
Spectrum Regulator: Autoritetit Te Komunikimeve Elektronike Dhe Postare AKEP
Algeria (الجزائر‎‎ / Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country's far north.
Policy Maker: Ministère de la Poste, des Télécommunications, des Technologies et du Numérique
Spectrum Regulator: Autorite de Regulation de la Poste et des Communications Electroniques ARPCE
American Samoa (Amerika Sāmoa) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa. The territory consists of five main islands and two coral atolls.
Policy Maker: International Communications and Information Policy CIP
Spectrum Regulator: Federal Communications Commission FCC
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Principat d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate in Southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains and bordered by Spain and France.
Policy Maker: Ministère de l'Aménagement du Territoire
Spectrum Regulator: Andorra Telecom, S.A.U.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa. It is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to west.
Policy Maker: Angola Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technologies
Spectrum Regulator: Angolan Institute of Communications INACOM
Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean. It is one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, lying east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin.
Policy Maker: Anguilla Public Utilities Commission
Spectrum Regulator: Anguilla Public Utilities Commission
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.
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Antigua and Barbuda is a sovereign state in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Information, Broadcasting, Telecommunications and Information Technology
Spectrum Regulator: Ministry of Information, Broadcasting, Telecommunications and Information Technology
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic in the southern portion of South America.
Policy Maker: Ministerio de Modernización
Spectrum Regulator: Ente Nacional de Comunicaciones ENACOM
Armenia (Հայաստան), officially the Republic of Armenia, is a sovereign state in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located in West Asia on the Armenian Highlands, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
Policy Maker: Republican Centre of Telecommunications SNCO
Spectrum Regulator: Armenian Public Services Regulatory Commission
Aruba is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the southern Caribbean Sea, located about 1,600 kilometres west of the main part of the Lesser Antilles and 29 kilometres north of the coast of Venezuela.
Policy Maker: Radiocommunication Agency Netherlands
Spectrum Regulator: Directie Telecommunicatiezaken
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the islands of Tasmania, and numerous external territories including Ashmore and Cartier Islands; Australian Antarctic Territory, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Coral Sea Islands, Heard and McDonald Islands, Lord Howe Island, Macquarie Island, and Norfolk Island.
Policy Maker: Department of Communications and the Arts
Spectrum Regulator: Australian Communications and Media Authority
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria, is a federal republic and a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
Policy Maker: Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology
Spectrum Regulator: Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications RTR
Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country in the South Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia and Southeastern Europe. It is bound by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan is bound by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, and Turkey in the north west.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Spectrum Regulator: Ministry of Transport, Communications and High Technologies of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The Bahamas, known officially as the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, is an archipelagic state within the Lucayan Archipelago. It consists of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, and is located north of Cuba and Hispaniola, northwest of the Turks and Caicos Islands, southeast of the US state of Florida, and east of the Florida Keys.
Policy Maker: Bahamas Ministry of National Security
Spectrum Regulator: Utilities Regulation and Competition Authority URCA
Bahrain (البحرين‎‎), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, is a small Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast of Saudi Arabia.
Policy Maker: Bahrain Telecommunications Regulatory Authority
Spectrum Regulator: Directorate of Wireless Licensing, Frequency and Monitoring
Bangladesh ( বাংলাদেশ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma).
Policy Maker: Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission BTRC
Spectrum Regulator: Bangladesh National Broadcasting Authority
Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles, in the Caribbean region of North America.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs, Telecommunications, and Investment
Spectrum Regulator: Barbados Fair Trading Commission