Telecommunications in China
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia, exercising jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau, also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan.
According to latest ITU data (June 2018) mobile coverage and 4G LTE data access is available to 98.0% of the Chinese population.
China is the world’s largest telecommunication market in terms of the number of mobile, fixed-telephone, fixed-broadband and mobile-broadband subscriptions, as well as being the leading exporter of ICT products.
A mix of government direction, private sector operation, and the large ICT manufacturing base has forged China’s rapid telecommunication development, establishing it as the largest telecommunication market in the world.
The MIIT reserved the 3300 to 3600 MHz and 4800 to 5000 MHz bands for mid-band 5G services. China is also expected to use the 24.75 to 27.5 GHz and 37 to 43.5 GHz bands for mmWave services.
In December 2018 the MIIT approved the nations operators to conduct 5G testing on the following bands:
- 2515 to 2675 MHz
- 3400 to 3600 MHz
- 4800 to 4900 MHz
All three Chinese mobile network operators commercially launched 5G services on the 1st November 2019.
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