Countries & Nations

Explore Countries and Nations

Learn about telecommunications around the world. R-Spectrum has compiled extensive resources on companies, mobile networks, and regulatory information on almost every country in the world.

The global telecommunications industry is predominantly regulated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialised agency of the United Nations. The ITU is tasked with facilitating international communication through the development of technical standards. The ITU tracks and benchmarks the progress of countries and promotes development in underserved communities worldwide.

It's important to note that R-Spectrum compiles research on a range of sovereign and disputed territories regardless of their geopolitical status. We endeavour to remain an impartial observer and defer to international guidance where possible.

Woman at airport travelling to countries
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 1 city, and 2 autonomous republics.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development of Georgia
Spectrum Regulator: Georgian National Communications Commission
Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Denmark borders the country to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria to the southeast, Switzerland to the south-southwest, France, Luxembourg and Belgium lie to the west, and the Netherlands to the northwest. Germany has an extremely advanced telecommunications industry, following liberalisation of the market in 1998 and strong focus on fixed broadband roll-out as part of the country's national ICT strategy. The country's Digital Agenda 2014-2017 saw all households connected with a minimum of 50 Mbps, with further advancement expected as part of Digital Strategy 2025. According to latest ITU data (June 2017) 3G mobile coverage reaches 96.2% of the population, and 4G LTE also accessible by 96.2% of Germans.
Policy Maker: Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway
Spectrum Regulator: Bundesnetzagentur
Ghana is located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.
Policy Maker: Ghanian Ministry of Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Ghanian National Communications Authority NCA
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. The territory has independent telecommunications infrastructure and mobile network operators.
Policy Maker: Gibraltar Regulatory Authority
Spectrum Regulator: Gibraltar Regulatory Authority
Greece is a country in southeastern Europe. Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Digital Policy, Telecommunications & Media
Spectrum Regulator: Hellenic Telecommunications & Post Commission EETT
Greenland is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Greenland has, by law, only one service provider for telecommunications and the Internet, TELE Greenland, which is fully owned by the Greenlandic Home Rule government. TELE Greenland provides switched telephone and data, land mobile communications, and VHF and MF shore-to-ship communication.
Policy Maker: TELE-POST
Spectrum Regulator: TELE-POST
Grenada is an island country in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain. It is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Policy Maker: National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission NTRC
Spectrum Regulator: Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority ECTEL
Guam is an unincorporated and organised territory of the United States situated in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Policy Maker: International Communications and Information Policy CIP
Spectrum Regulator: Federal Communications Commission FCC
Guatemala is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east, and El Salvador to the southeast.
Policy Maker: Ministerio de Comunicaciones, Infraestructura y Vivienda
Spectrum Regulator: Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones de Guatemala
Guernsey is an island in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy. It lies roughly north of St Malo and to the west of the Cotentin Peninsula. With several smaller nearby islands, it forms a jurisdiction within the Bailiwick of Guernsey, a Crown dependency. The jurisdiction is not part of the United Kingdom. Guernsey along with Jersey, form The Channel Islands.
Policy Maker: Office of Communications - Ofcom
Spectrum Regulator: Channel Islands Competition and Regulatory Authority CICRA
Guinea is a country on the western coast of Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea, the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea shares its northern border with Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and its southern border with Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Ivory Coast.
Policy Maker: Ministère des Postes, des Télécommunications et de l’Economie Numérique
Spectrum Regulator: Autorité de Régulation des Postes et Télécommunications ARPT
Guinea-Bissau is a country in West Africa. Guinea-Bissau is bordered by Senegal to the north and Guinea to the south and east.
Policy Maker: Ministério dos Transportes e Comunicações
Spectrum Regulator: Autoridade Reguladora Nacional das Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação ARN
Guyana is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America. It is, however, included in the Caribbean region due to its strong cultural, historical, and political ties with other Anglo Caribbean countries and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). Guyana is bordered by Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east, and Venezuela to the west.
Policy Maker: Guyana Ministry of Public Telecommunications
Spectrum Regulator: Guyana National Frequency Management Unit
Haiti is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.
Policy Maker: Ministère des Travaux publics, Transports, Communications et Energies
Spectrum Regulator: Conseil National des Télécommunications CONATEL
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha are British Overseas Territories located in the South Atlantic and consisting of the island of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha including Gough Island.
Policy Maker: Department for Culture, Media and Sport DCMS
Spectrum Regulator: Office of Communications - Ofcom
Honduras is a republic in Central America. Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, and to the southeast by Nicaragua.
Policy Maker: Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones CONATEL
Spectrum Regulator: Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones CONATEL
Hong Kong is an autonomous territory south to Mainland China and east to Macao in East Asia. The territory has its own independent telecommunications infrastructure and mobile networks.
Policy Maker: HK Office of the Communications Authority OFCA
Spectrum Regulator: HK Office of the Communications Authority OFCA
Hungary is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. Situated in the Carpathian Basin, the country is bordered by Slovakia, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Austria, and Ukraine.
Policy Maker: Ministry of National Development Hungary MND
Spectrum Regulator: National Media and Infocommunications Authority NMHH
Iceland is a Nordic island country of Europe located in the North Atlantic Ocean. The main island is entirely south of the Arctic Circle, which passes through the small Icelandic island of Grímsey off the main island's northern coast.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Transport and Local Government Iceland
Spectrum Regulator: Electronic Communications Office of Iceland ECOI
India is a country in South Asia. The country shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Communications India
Spectrum Regulator: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India TRAI