Countries & Nations

Explore Countries and Nations

Learn about telecommunications around the world. R-Spectrum has compiled extensive resources on companies, mobile networks, and regulatory information on almost every country in the world.

The global telecommunications industry is predominantly regulated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialised agency of the United Nations. The ITU is tasked with facilitating international communication through the development of technical standards. The ITU tracks and benchmarks the progress of countries and promotes development in underserved communities worldwide.

It's important to note that R-Spectrum compiles research on a range of sovereign and disputed territories regardless of their geopolitical status. We endeavour to remain an impartial observer and defer to international guidance where possible.

Woman at airport travelling to countries
Belarus (Беларусь), officially the Republic of Belarus, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Communications and Informatization
Spectrum Regulator: Republican Unitary Enterprise of supervision for Telecommunications BelGIE
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and the North Sea.
Policy Maker: SPF Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie
Spectrum Regulator: Institut belge des services postaux et des télécommunications IBPT
Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent country on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the north by Mexico, on the south and west by Guatemala, and on the east by the Caribbean Sea.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Finance, Public Service, Energy & Public Utilities
Spectrum Regulator: Public Utilities Commission PUC
Benin, officially the Republic of Benin, and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north.
Policy Maker: Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et de la Poste ARCEP-BENIN
Spectrum Regulator: Haute Autorité de l'Audiovisuel et de la Communication
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean. It is approximately 1,070 km east-southeast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina; 1,236 km south of Cape Sable Island, Nova Scotia; and 1,578 km north of Puerto Rico.
Policy Maker: Department for Culture, Media and Sport DCMS
Spectrum Regulator: Regulatory Authority of Bermuda
Bhutan (འབྲུག་ཡུལ་), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region in the north, India in the south, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, and Arunachal Pradesh state of India in the east.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Information and Communications MoIC
Spectrum Regulator: Bhutan InfoComm and Media Authority BICMA
Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru.
Policy Maker: Ministerio de Obras Públicas, Servicios y Vivienda
Spectrum Regulator: Autoridad de Regulación y Fiscalización de Telecomunicaciones y Transportes ATT
Bonaire is an island in the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Together with Aruba and Curaçao, it forms the group known as the ABC islands or Caribbean Netherlands, less than a hundred miles off the north coast of South America near the western part of Venezuela.
Policy Maker: Bureau Telecommunicatie & Post
Spectrum Regulator: Agentschap Telecom
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia to the north, and west; Serbia to the east; Montenegro to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea to the south.
Policy Maker: Bosnian Ministry of Communications and Transport
Spectrum Regulator: Regulatorna agencija za komunikacije RAK
Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa.
Policy Maker: Botswana Ministry of Transport and Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority BOCRA
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações - ANATEL
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia, exercising jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau, also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology MIIT
Spectrum Regulator: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology MIIT
Finland (Suomi), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. The country consists of a mainland and 179,000 islands, including the Åland Islands.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Transport and Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha are British Overseas Territories located in the South Atlantic and consisting of the island of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and the archipelago of Tristan da Cunha including Gough Island.
Policy Maker: Department for Culture, Media and Sport DCMS
Spectrum Regulator: Office of Communications - Ofcom
Israel (יִשְׂרָאֵל‎), officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the Palestinian territories, and Egypt. The country also occupies the disputed territories of Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, with partial occupation of West Bank.
Policy Maker: Israel Ministry of Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Israel Ministry of Communications
Lithuania (Lietuva), officially the Republic of Lithuania, is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe. One of the three Baltic states, it is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian exclave) to the southwest.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Transport and Communications Lithuania
Spectrum Regulator: Lietuvos Respublikos ryšių reguliavimo tarnyba
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses - the North Island, and the South Island, and around 600 smaller islands.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment
Spectrum Regulator: Radio Spectrum Management
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. The country is bordered by neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and on the east and northeast by Mozambique and Swaziland; and enclaves the kingdom of Lesotho.
Policy Maker: Department of Telecommunications and Postal Services SA
Spectrum Regulator: Independent Communications Authority of South Africa ICASA
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (abbreviated ROK), is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Officially, its territory consists of the whole Korean Peninsula and its adjacent islands. About three thousand islands, mostly small and uninhabited, lie off the western and southern coasts of South Korea.
Policy Maker: Korean Ministry of Science and ICT
Spectrum Regulator: Korea Communications Commission KCC
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. To the west is the Scandinavian mountain chain (Skanderna) that separates the country from Norway.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation
Spectrum Regulator: Swedish Post and Telecom Authority PTS