Countries & Nations

Explore Countries and Nations

Learn about telecommunications around the world. R-Spectrum has compiled extensive resources on companies, mobile networks, and regulatory information on almost every country in the world.

The global telecommunications industry is predominantly regulated by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), a specialised agency of the United Nations. The ITU is tasked with facilitating international communication through the development of technical standards. The ITU tracks and benchmarks the progress of countries and promotes development in underserved communities worldwide.

It's important to note that R-Spectrum compiles research on a range of sovereign and disputed territories regardless of their geopolitical status. We endeavour to remain an impartial observer and defer to international guidance where possible.

Woman at airport travelling to countries
Denmark is a Nordic country and a sovereign state. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, Jutland, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate
Spectrum Regulator: Danish Energy Agency
Djibouti is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast.
Policy Maker: Ministère de la Communication, chargé des Postes et des Télécommunications
Spectrum Regulator: Ministère de la Communication, chargé des Postes et des Télécommunications
Dominica is a sovereign island country. It is part of the Windward Islands in the Lesser Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean Sea.
Policy Maker: National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission
Spectrum Regulator: Eastern Caribbean Telecommunications Authority ECTEL
The Dominican Republic is a country located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with the nation of Haiti.
Policy Maker: Instituto Dominicano de las Telecomunicaciones INDOTEL
Spectrum Regulator: Instituto Dominicano de las Telecomunicaciones INDOTEL
Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres west of the mainland.
Policy Maker: Ministerio de Telecomunicaciones y de la Sociedad de la Información MINTEL
Spectrum Regulator: Agencia de Regulación y Control de las Telecomunicaciones ARCOTEL
Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Communications and Information Technology MCIT
Spectrum Regulator: National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority NTRA
Equatorial Guinea is a country located in Central Africa. The country consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region. The insular region consists of the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Pó) in the Gulf of Guinea and Annobón, a small volcanic island south of the equator.
Policy Maker: Ministerio de Telecomunicaciones y Nuevas Tecnologías
Spectrum Regulator: Órgano Regulador de las Telecomunicaciones ORTEL
Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.
Policy Maker: Eritrean Ministry of Transport and Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Eritrean Ministry of Transport and Communications
Estonia is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia, and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea.
Policy Maker: Majandus-ja Kommunikatsiooniministeerium
Spectrum Regulator: Tarbijakaitse ja Tehnilise Järelevalve Amet TTJA
Eswatini formerly Swaziland, is a sovereign state in Southern Africa. It is neighboured by Mozambique to its northeast and by South Africa to its north, west, and south.
Policy Maker: Eswatini Ministry of Information, Communication and Technology
Spectrum Regulator: Eswatini Communications Commission ESCCOM
Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
Policy Maker: Ethiopian Ministry of Communication and Information Technology
Spectrum Regulator: Ethiopian Standard and Regulatory Directorate
The Falkland Islands are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 483 kilometres east of South America's southern Patagonian coast. The archipelago comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. As a British overseas territory, the Falklands have internal self-governance, and the United Kingdom takes responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs.
Policy Maker: FIG Law & Regulation Directorate
Spectrum Regulator: FIG Law & Regulation Directorate
The Faroe Islands are an archipelago between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about halfway between Norway and Iceland, 320 kilometres north-northwest of Scotland. The islands are an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
Policy Maker: Fjarskiftiseftirlitid Telecommunications Authority of the Faroe Islands
Spectrum Regulator: Fjarskiftiseftirlitid Telecommunications Authority of the Faroe Islands
Fiji is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean about 2,000 km northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Fiji is an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited, and more than 500 islets.
Policy Maker: Fiji Office of the Attorney-General
Spectrum Regulator: Fiji Office of the Attorney-General
Finland (Suomi), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. The country consists of a mainland and 179,000 islands, including the Åland Islands.
Policy Maker: Ministry of Transport and Communications
Spectrum Regulator: Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority
France is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Policy Maker: Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes ARCEP
Spectrum Regulator: Agence Nationale des Fréquences ANFR
French Guiana (Guyane française), officially called Guiana, is an overseas department and region of France, located on the north Atlantic coast of South America in the Guyanas. It borders Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west, and forms part of the French West Indies (Antilles Françaises).
Policy Maker: Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes ARCEP
Spectrum Regulator: Agence Nationale des Fréquences ANFR
French Polynesia is an overseas collectivity of the French Republic. It is composed of 118 geographically dispersed islands and atolls stretching over an expanse of more than 2,000 kilometres in the South Pacific Ocean. Among its 118 islands and atolls, 67 are inhabited. Tahiti is the most populous and well known of the islands.
Policy Maker: Service des Postes et Télécommunications de Polynésie Française
Spectrum Regulator: Service des Postes et Télécommunications de Polynésie Française
The French Southern and Antarctic Lands is an overseas territory of France. It consists of Kerguelen Islands (Archipel des Kerguelen); St. Paul and Amsterdam islands (Îles Saint Paul et Amsterdam); Crozet Islands (Îles Crozet); Adélie Land (Terre Adélie), the French claim on the continent of Antarctica; and the Scattered Islands (Îles Éparses), a dispersed group of islands around the coast of Madagascar.
Policy Maker: Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes ARCEP
Spectrum Regulator: Agence Nationale des Fréquences ANFR
French West Indies refers to the parts of France located in the Antilles islands of the Caribbean, including; French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Martin, and Saint Barths.
Policy Maker: Autorité de Régulation des Communications électroniques et des Postes ARCEP
Spectrum Regulator: Agence Nationale des Fréquences ANFR