Telecommunications in Bangladesh
Bangladesh ( বাংলাদেশ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma).
Bangladesh introduced Advanced Mobile Phone system (AMPS) technology back in 1993 as the first ever country in South Asia. Though the first mobile phone license was awarded in 1989, due to poor mobile coverage it took many years to extend its services to the people of the country.
In order to provide services through 3G UMTS technology, in 2013 35 MHz of B1 (2100 MHz) spectrum were assigned to five operators; Grameenphone Ltd., Banglalink Digital Communication Ltd., Robi Axiata Ltd., Airtel Bangladesh Ltd., and Teletalk Bangladesh Ltd.
In order to enhance 4G services, assignment of frequency from 700 MHz (703 to 748 / 758 to 803) band is under consideration. If 700 MHz band spectrum is assigned, it will be possible to provide telecommunication services in villages and distant areas, the data rates of the network will be increased, and it will be possible to ensure service of the subscribers. Initiatives have also been taken so that operators can provide 4G LTE services in the densely populated region using higher spectrum bands.
The growing sub-sectors around the telecom arena created job opportunities for the general people and contributed in education and health sector. This has influenced millions of people and made communication easier between people and the Bangladeshi economy has been greatly boosted up. According to the report of Bangladesh bank, 8% of the national revenue has been earned from telecom sector in 2008 and 59% direct investment has been made in this particular sector.
Bangladesh has achieved widespread telecommunications coverage through wireless solutions and is now moving towards greater mobile-broadband coverage.
Several initiatives and policies have been formulated and implemented by the Government of Bangladesh to successfully achieve the vision of ‘Digital Bangladesh’. According to latest ITU data (June 2018) mobile coverage reaches 92.6% of the population, and 4G LTE also accessible by 65% of Bangladeshis.
The BTRC is reportedly preparing to issue 5G licences in 2020.